What I See ~

At What Temperature Does Paper Burn?

fahrenheit451

Thanks Ray

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Ray Bradbury was born on this day in 1920.

I first became aware of Ray Bradbury after reading Fahrenheit 451 in my youth. It was a story that changed my perspectives providing me with the joys, imagination and knowledge of the ages, all delivered through books. This one work instilled an appreciation of books that would never allow me to take them for granted… ever.

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Born Ray Douglas Bradbury, his middle name was taken from the famous actor of the era, Douglas Fairbanks. He was related to the American Shakespeareian actor Douglas Spalding and oddly enough descended from Mary Bradbury, who was tried at one of the Salem witch trials in 1692.

[More than 100 of her friends, neighbors and townspeople testified on her behalf but to no avail. Mary was found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. Her friends continued to support her, creating delays of her execution, enough so that when the hysteria passed she was released]

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1938 HS Yearbook

1938 HS Yearbook

Bradbury was a prolific writer, scribing daily from 12 years of age. He tells the story of when it began for him. In 1932, a carnival entertainer, Mr. Electro, touched him on the nose with an electrified sword. The sword made his hair stand on end as Mr. Electro shouted, “Live forever!”

Bradbury says, “I felt something strange and wonderful had happened to me because of my encounter with Mr. Electro… [he] gave me a future… I began to write, fulltime. I have written every single day of my life since that day 69 years ago.”76778

Bradbury recounts his first published novel, The Martian Cornicles. It was 1949. He took a Greyhound bus to New York and checked into a YMCA for fifty cents a night. He shopped his short stories to a dozen publishers but had no takers. They wanted novels. He landed a dinner with publisher, Walter Bradbury (no relation), and told him of his striking out. Walter B asked if he could tie the stories together. The title was the publisher’s idea, “You could call it The Martian Chronicles.”

Ray liked the idea and stayed up all night at the Y typing out an outline. He took it to the Doubleday editor the next day and landed a check for seven hundred and fifty dollars. Back in Los Angeles, he connected the stories and The Martian Chronicles was created.

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Maggie Bradbury

Maggie Bradbury

Bradbury dated only one woman his entire life, Ray’s dear wife Maggie of fifty-six years. Living in Los Angeles he never got a driver’s license relying on public transportation or his bicycle.

Ray Bradbury is credited with writing 27 novels and over 600 short stories. There are more than eight million copies of his stories published in over 36 languages. This is not to mention all his work in film and TV.

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The New York Times obituary stated that Bradbury was, “the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream.”

Steven Spielberg said that Bradbury was “[his] muse for the better part of [his] sci-fi career…. In the world of science fiction and fantasy and imagination he is immortal”.

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Stephen King released a statement after Bradbury’s death saying, “Ray Bradbury wrote three great novels and three hundred great stories. One of the latter was called ‘A Sound of Thunder.’ The sound I hear today is the thunder of a giant’s footsteps fading away. But the novels and stories remain, in all their resonance and strange beauty.”

Ray-Bradbury-Quotes-410 of Bradbury’s best:

http://www.csmonitor.com/Books/2012/0606/Ray-Bradbury-s-10-best-books/Fahrenheit-451

Books by Ray Bradbury

http://www.spaceagecity.com/bradbury/books.htm

Bradbury on film and TV

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001969/

If you want to read it, here is the complete text of Fahrenheit 451:

https://d3jc3ahdjad7x7.cloudfront.net/zQHI8oxlODGZZV6i4gCTGcwMwPUeUBv8ospIzIcc4ZmACSYj.pdf

home-promo-thanks-ray-bradbury[thanks pc for the inspiration]

Kind of Blue

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Kind of Blue Released

What albums to take to a desert island? If you could only bring ten albums. We could discuss it forever but my first pick is always Kind of Blue. I’ll occasionally have Freddie Freeloader or So What running through my mind.

The Miles Davis masterpiece is the best selling jazz album of all time and still sells 5000 albums a week.1 Considered by critics as the greatest jazz album of all time the universally acknowledged masterpiece has been revered as much by classical and rock music fans as by jazz lovers. 

Recorded in the studio on March 2 and April 22 of 1959, Kind of Blue was released on August 17 of ‘59.

For Kind of Blue, Davis brought together a few of his favorite musicians, legendary artists in the prime of their careers:

John Coltrane, tenor saxophonist.

John Coltrane

Julian “Cannonball” Adderley, alto saxophonist.

Cannonball Adderley

Bill Evans, pianist.

Bill Evans

Wynton Kelly. pianist.

Wynton Kelly

 

Paul Chambers, bassist.

Paul Chambers

Jimmy Cobb, drummer.

Jimmy Cobb

and of course Miles Davis, trumpeter.

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In true Davis style the musicians had almost no rehearsal. When he had the guys together Davis gave the band sketches of scales and melodies on which to improvise. After brief instructions for each piece he began taping. Although legend has it that the entire album was recorded in one take this is not true. Though “Flamenco Sketches” was a complete take on the first try.

During a recording session John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderley, Miles Davis, and Bill Evans in the studio. (Photo by Frank Driggs}

During a recording session, John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderley, Miles Davis, and Bill Evans in the studio. (Photo by Frank Driggs}

Check out this list of accolades:

October 7, 2008, certified quadruple platinum in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).

In 2002, it was one of fifty recordings chosen by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry.

In 2003, Rolling Stone magazine ranked it as number 12 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Rolling Stone stated: “This painterly masterpiece is one of the most important, influential and popular albums in jazz”

In 1994, the album was ranked number one in Colin Larkin’s Top 100 Jazz Albums.

In 2009, the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution honoring the 50th anniversary of Kind of Blue and “reaffirming jazz as a national treasure”.

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I love how pianist Chick Corea, one of Miles’ devotees, put it:

“It’s one thing to just play a tune, or play a program of music, but it’s another thing to practically create a new language of music, which is what Kind of Blue did.”

Here is AllMusic senior editor Stephen Thomas Erlewineput’s take:

“Kind of Blue isn’t merely an artistic highlight for Miles Davis, it’s an album that towers above its peers, a record generally considered as the definitive jazz album, a universally acknowledged standard of excellence. Why does Kind of Blue possess such a mystique? Perhaps because this music never flaunts its genius…. It’s the pinnacle of modal jazz — tonality and solos build from the overall key, not chord changes, giving the music a subtly shifting quality…. It may be a stretch to say that if you don’t like Kind of Blue, you don’t like jazz — but it’s hard to imagine it as anything other than a cornerstone of any jazz collection.”

And one more from world renowned jazz critic, Dan Morgenstern:

“It’s so well balanced. There is not an unnecessary note in any of those pieces. And you keep coming back to it. It doesn’t wear out its welcome.”

Following are the five tracks, in order, from, Kind of Blue.

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Kind of Blue – Complete Album

1NPR.org

A Boy (Girl) Named Sue

T-rex-32545705743August 12, 1990: Skeleton of Tyrannosaurus Rex Discovered

Susan Hendrickson made an amazing discovery on this day in 1990. Three huge bones were jutting out of a cliff near Faith, South Dakota. They turn out to be the largest complete skeleton of a T Rex ever discovered. [click images to enlarge]

The Tyrannosaurus Rex is thought to be 65 million years old and extremely well preserved. The dinosaur is dubbed Sue after it’s discoverer and amazingly over 90% complete.

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Sue Hendrickson at site

Hendrickson was working for the Black Hills Institute of Geological Research at the time who paid the land owner $5000 for the right to excavate the skeleton.

Turns out the landowner, Maurice Williams, didn’t actually own the land. He traded his land to the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe twenty years earlier to avoid paying property taxes on the land. The Feds got involved and claimed the dinosaur as government property.

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Finally in October of 1997, after many long legal battles, Chicago’s Field Museum was able to purchase Sue at public auction at Sotheby’s in New York City for $8.36 million. McDonald’s and Disney corporations helped finance the purchase.

Excavation site

Excavation site

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Sue’s skeleton went on display at the Field Museum in May 2000. The tremendous T.rex skeleton – 13 feet high at the hips and 42 feet long from head to toe – is displayed in one of the museum’s main halls. Another exhibit gives viewers a close-up of Sue’s five foot-long, 2,000-pound skull with its 58 teeth, some as long as a human forearm.

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trex77kSue’s bones are extraordinarily well-preserved and have allowed scientists to determine so much about the life of a T.rex. For instance, they have determined that the carnivorous dinosaur had an incredible sense of smell, as the olfactory bulbs were each bigger than the cerebrum, the thinking part of the brain.

In addition, Sue was the first T.rex skeleton to be discovered with a wishbone, a crucial discovery that provided support for scientists’ theory that birds are a type of living dinosaur. One thing that remains unknown is Sue’s actual gender; to determine this, scientists would have to compare many more T.rex skeletons than the 22 that have been found so far.

imagesCA59R6QF Tyrannosaurus_rex_Sue_2Close examination of the bones revealed that Sue was 28 years old when she died, making her the oldest T. rex known. During her life she received several injuries and suffered from numerous pathologies. An injury to the right shoulder region of Sue resulted in a damaged shoulder blade, a torn tendon in the right arm, and three broken ribs. This damage subsequently healed (though one rib healed into two separate pieces), indicating Sue survived the incident. The left fibula is twice the diameter of the right one, likely a result of infection.

Sue2Poor Sue suffered from gout and arthritis as some of the tail vertebrae are fused in a pattern typical of arthritis due to injury. In addition, there is extra bone in some of the tail vertebrae likely caused by the stresses brought on by Sue’s great size. Sue’s tendon avulsion was likely caused by contact with struggling prey. Sue did not die as a result of any of these injuries; her cause of death is not known.

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First Special Olympics

Summer-Games

You could trace it back to Eunice Kennedy Shriver, although the Special Olympics are the result of many dedicated people joining to make something special happen.

Eunice started with a day camp she created for children with intellectual disabilities at her home in Potomac Maryland, back in 1962. She was concerned with these children having no place to play and used the camp as an example of how people with intellectual disabilities could be involved with physical activity and competition opportunities. Camp Shriver became an annual event.

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A Canadian physician, Dr. Frank Hayden became involved. His research showed that persons with intellectual disabilities can and should participate in physical exercise and competition. Dr. Hayden connected with Rose Kennedy and got funding help from the Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Foundation. Eunice Kennedy Shriver was head of the foundation. And so it started.

Shriver on the field during warmups

Shriver on the field during warmups

A few minutes after the above picture was taken, she put on her bathing suit  and helped athletes at the aquatics events

A few minutes after the above picture was taken, she put on her bathing suit and helped athletes at the aquatics events

To understand the impact of the Chicago Games let’s take a look at the era. America was deeply divided. We saw young against old, man against woman, black against white, pro Vietnam War, anti War. The Tet Offensive and ‘Nam came into our living rooms. Bobby Kennedy had been assassinated just seven weeks earlier. A month after the Games, Chicago exploded into a maelstrom of violence. Change was happening everywhere.

Chicago Mayor, Richard Daily, who would become a national figure just a month later for ordering his police to beat on the Chicago protesters sounded like a much gentler, forward thinking guy when he said to Shriver, “You know Eunice, the world will never be the same after this.”

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Soldier’s field – you can see the pool for aquatic events mid picture

The first Special Olympics – as it came to be known – featured 1500 athletes from Canada and the United States and took place at Soldier’s field in Chicago on July 20, 1968.

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Special Olympics is the world’s largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities providing year round training and competition for more than 4.4 million athletes in 170 countries.

We can see the next World Games happening this summer, July 25 to August 2, 2015 in Los Angeles California.

Feelin’ It!

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Nicole Freeo of Monroe County, left, rushes into the arms of her assistant coach, Kerri ann Freeomanning, after Nicole was awarded a gold medal in the softball throw event at the 2007 Pa Special Olympics Summer Games at Penn State. (John Beale/AP Photo)

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Cindy Hasselquist, 10, runs into the waiting arms of her mother, Rose, after completing the 50 meter dash during the Special Olympics at Greenbrier High School Friday afternoon.  3/17/00 Michael Holahan photo METRO

Nadia Comaneci on Special Olympics: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/nadia-comaneci/special-olympics-athletes_b_7753014.html

Revolutionaries Die Same Day – 50th Independence Day

Artwork from Red Door Magazine

Today July 4 in 1826 John Adams, 90 years old, lay on his deathbed as the United States celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. His last words were, “Thomas Jefferson still survives”. By a crazy coincidence he did not know that Thomas Jefferson, his friend, antagonist and then friend again had died 5 hours earlier at Monticello at age 82. [above artwork from Red Door Magazine]

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Jefferson left – Adams right

Adams and Jefferson were the second and third presidents of the United States, respectively. They both were instrumental in the drafting of the Declaration; Jefferson authored it and Adams served on the drafting committee, arguing with eloquence for its passage. Adams was known as, “colossus of debate”.

Adams was the first Vice President under Washington. In those days the person with the second most votes became the Vice President. Jefferson was appointed Secretary of State.

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Adams left – Jefferson right

Next time around. Adams defeated Jefferson as the second President of the States, with Jefferson as his Vice. This is where things heated up.

Adams was an irritable and hot tempered man with a firm belief in a powerful centralized government. The knowledgeable and chivalrous Jefferson believed the federal government should take a more hands-off approach and rely more on individual states rights. Needless to say, their personalities were as distinct as their politics which made for heated times in the “Oval Office”.

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Jefferson’s Democratic-Republicans (forerunner to the Democratic Party) defeated the Federalist Party of Adams in 1800 to become the third President of the US. After reducing the power and expenditures of the central government, Jefferson retired to Monticello, VA. Adams had already retired to his estate in Quincy, Massachusetts.

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Adams and Jefferson became stanch adversaries and didn’t’ talk for over 10 years. Over time though, the two ex-presidents expressed to third parties their respect for each other and desire to renew their friendship. Adams broke the ice on January 1, 1812 with a Happy New Year note in which he wished Jefferson “many happy new years to come”.

Adams 1812 letter to Jefferson [click to enlarge]

Adams 1812 letter to Jefferson [click to enlarge]

Jefferson responded with a note in which he fondly recalled their labors to a common cause. Well, that was all it took, the former revolutionaries resumed their friendship with letters of correspondence over the next 14 years. These letters discussing politics, philosophy and religion are considered masterpieces of American enlightenment.

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For further reading, the complete letters between Adams and Jefferson can be found at your local library.

http://www.worldcat.org/title/adams-jefferson-letters-the-complete-correspondence-between-thomas-jefferson-and-abigail-and-john-adams/oclc/489751448

Artwork by Josh Lange

Artwork by Josh Lange

Absolutly Not Absolute

einstein-the-body-quote

Time and Space Not Absolute – It’s All Relative.

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On this day, June 30 of 1905, Albert Einstein published an article that transformed humanity’s understanding of our universe. The theory of Special Relativity revolutionized modern physics and changed our views on space, time, mass and energy.

It was part of his Annus mīrābilis (Latin for “extraordinary year” sometimes called “miracle year”) papers he published in the scientific journal, Annalen der Physik.

The Annus mīrābilis papers were actually four articles [see end of article for more details]

The Photoelectric Effectal

Brownian Motion

Mass–energy Equivalence

And…

Special Relativity – this was his third paper that year, and was received on June 30, 1905.

spacetime_curvature

Special relativity created a link between space and time; viewing the universe in four dimensions – up/down, left/right, forward/backward, and one time dimension. These four dimensions are referred to as the space-time continuum.

General relativity has been confirmed many times over through numerous experiments and simple observations, like the deflection of light from the Sun. In practical applications you can thank Albert for getting your GPS to work. That GPS you use needs to account for earth’s gravitational fields, its precision uses the Theory of Relativity to get it right.

albert-einstein-balance

It’s About Time

One of the odd consequences of general relativity is that a clock will run more slowly in deeper gravitational wells. This is called gravitational time dilation.

James Chin-Wen Chou

James Chin-Wen Chou

James Chin-Wen Chou of the National Institute of Standards and Technology conducted an experiment. He explained that: “If you are experiencing stronger gravitational pull, then your time is going to go slower”, gravity actually slows down time. Whaaaaa?

So Chou ran an experiment. Pretty simple, he set two clocks to the same time. One was put on a staircase 33cm high, the other at ground level. The higher clock started to tick slightly behind the lower one.

Maybe not so simple an experiment as they had to be able to measure the difference of 90 billionths of a second over an 80 year period. Yes that was the difference it added up to, about 90 billionths of a second over an 80-year life span.

[for details of the experiment, use back button to return to article] http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2010/sep/24/relativity-with-a-human-touch

Some Einstein quotes

Our task must be to free ourselves by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty.

A table, a chair, a bowl of fruit and a violin; what else does a man need to be happy?

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There are two ways to live: you can live as if nothing is a miracle; you can live as if everything is a miracle.

Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love.

When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. That’s relativity.

Einstein’s Theory Of Relativity Made Easy

The four articles of the annus mīrābilis papers:

The photoelectric effect: The observation that many metals emit electrons when light shines on them. Electrons emited in this manner can be called photoelectrons. This phenomenon is studied in electronic physics, and fields of chemistry, like quantum chemistry or electrochemistry.

Brownian motion: The random motion of particles suspended in a fluid (liquid or gas) resulting from their collision with quick atoms or molecules. Thus creating a mathematical model describing such random movements, often called particle theory.

Mass–energy equivalence: The concept that the mass of an object is a measure of its energy content.

Special relativity – Einstein’s “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper” (“On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”), as his third paper that year brought together the equations for electricity and magnetism by introducing major changes to mechanics close to the speed of light. This is what later became known as Einstein’s special theory of relativity.

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Get Your Kicks On 66

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Arabian camelThrough camels caravans and Corvettes, Route 66 ended on this day, June 27 in 1985. State Highway and Transportation Officials decertify US 66 and voted to remove all its highway signs. [click images to enlarge]

Route 66 became official in 1926, creating a diagonal southwesterly course from Chicago to Santa Monica, CA. It measured some 2200 miles and cut through 8 states becoming a lifeline for long distance trucking and a romantic pathway that opened the Southwest and California to all Americans.

Edward Beale

Edward Beale

Back in 1857 Navy Lieutenant Edward Beale blazed a path through the wilderness with a caravan of camels that would become Route 66. Yes, a Navy Lieutenant on camels!

Beale, as part of the U.S Army Corps of Engineers, was ordered to build a wagon road along the 35th Parallel. His secondary order was to test the feasibility of using camels as pack animals in the Southwest desert. His efforts became a main part of Route 66.

For more on Beale (and his camels): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Fitzgerald_Beale

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Route 66, sometimes known as the Main Street of America, linked hundreds of small rural communities to larger cities and gave farmers an easier way to transport their wares for distribution. By 1930 the Route was competing with the railroads for dominance in shipping. Back in the day, most small towns had no practical access to major national thoroughfares.

Road between Oatman and Kingman, AZ

Road between Oatman and Kingman, AZ

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In 1926 the highway earned its official designation as Route 66. Sixty Six was chosen because the planners believed it would be easy to remember… they also thought it was pleasant to say and hear. Cyrus Avery (right – Highway Commissioner known as the Father of Route 66) and John Page (a highway engineer) appreciated the number 66’s use in numerology as a master number bringing material pleasure and success.AZ 1015

Early on the road was either gravel or graded dirt. By 1938 Route 66 became the first highway to be completely paved.

During the 1930s Route 66 became the escape route for more than 200,000 people migrating west, leaving the Dust Bowl of the US prairies. John Steinbeck’s classic 1939, “The Grapes of Wrath” immortalized Route 66 when he called it “The Mother Road”.

Reds in Springfield MO - The first drive thru

Reds in Springfield MO – The first drive thru… literally, showed up on Route 66

The beginning of the end came in 1953 with the first major bypass of the highway, the Turner Turnpike between Tulsa, OK and Oklahoma City. 88 miles that paralleled US 66 and passed each of the towns along the way. In 1957 the Will Rodgers turnpike joined the Turner and soon the entire state of Kansas become I-44.

Cadillac Ranch - Armadillo Tx

Cadillac Ranch – Armadillo Tx on Route 66

By 1970 modern four lane highways bypassed almost all sections of the historic Route and in October of 1984, I-40 bypassed the last original stretch of Route 66 at Williams, AZ.  On June 27, 1985 Route 66 was officially decertified.

Wigwam Motel Holbrook AZ

Wigwam Motel Holbrook AZ along Route 66

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The National Historic Route 66 Federation says that drivers can still use approximately 85% of the road and it is still a destination route for drivers from all over the world. See you on Route 66…

The “Main Street of America” inspired its own song written in 1947 by Bobby Troup.

But I like Nat’s version:

Game-Room-Decor-Route-66-Wall-Art-7642

Your Impression

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$54 Million Painting

Imagine one painting worth $54 million. But wait, this is only the SECOND highest price paid for a single painting. The highest paid was $80.1 million in 2008 for Monet’s, Le bassin des Nymphéas [pictured above – click images to enlarge] . It was on June 23 of 2014 that a painting in the Claude Monet series, Nympheas’ (Water Lilies) sold for the $54 mil. Both of these paintings came from his Nymphéas series.

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Water Lilies

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$54 Million!

Monet created this series of about 250 oil paintings from his flower garden in Giverny, located in Northern France. The Giverny garden was the main focus of his work during the last 20 to 30 years of his life, many of which were painted while he suffered from cataracts.

Nympheas - Monet

Nympheas – Monet

Monet's Garden

Monet’s Garden

Monet and his good friend, Auguste Renoir, took their easels outside to paint directly from nature. Call it the beginnings of en plein air (French expression which means “in the open air” describing the act of painting outdoors). The guys often worked as fast as they could so their paintings looked like sketches. That sketchy style became known as… Impressionism.

Monet painting in his garden by Renoir

Monet painting in his garden by Renoir

Monet explored the idea that you can never really see the same thing twice. In one day he would paint the same subject several times taking only an hour or so on each canvas, exploring the subject from different angles and lighting.

In his youth, when Monet traveled to Paris to visit the Louvre, his experience was unlike his contemporaries who were copying from the old masters. Monet instead sat by a window painting what he saw.

Venice Twilight

Venice Twilight

Monet by Renoir

Monet by Renoir

When he met Auguste Renroir they shared their new approaches to art and painting… the effects of light en plein air, broken color and rapid brush strokes (Impressionism).

Art critic, Louis Leroy, in his review in the French publication, Le Charivari, thought he was insulting Monet by mocking the title of his painting, “L’Exposition des Impressionnistes,” (Impression, Sunrise) thus unwittingly coining the term Impressionism… a completely new and fluid, daring and bold style of painting, where a water lily pond became the starting point for a form of almost abstract art.

L'Exposition des Impressionnistes - Impression, Sunrise

L’Exposition des Impressionnistes – Impression, Sunrise

Enjoy some Monet

Irises in Garden

Irises in Garden

Nympheas

Nympheas

Wisteria

Wisteria

Weeping Willow

Weeping Willow

Water Lilies

Water Lilies

Water Lilies

Water Lilies

The Water Lily Pond

The Water Lily Pond

Sea Roses

Sea Roses

Nympheas_1915

Nympheas_1915

Argentueil

Argentueil

Woman with Parisol

Woman with Parasol

Claude_Monet_1899_Nadar_crop young-claude-monet1

Down In Monterey

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The people came and listened

Some of them came and played

Others gave flowers away

Yes, they did

Down in Monterey

 ~Burdon, Weider, Briggs, McCulloch, & Jenkins

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The Monterey Pop festival embodied the face of the counter culture in California and the beginnings of the Summer of Love. Monterey was the inspiration and template for Woodstock and of future music festivals to come. [click on images to enlarge]

Held June 16th  to 18th  in 1967 at the Monterey Fairgrounds, crowd estimates for the festival ranged from 25,000 to 90,000 people. Ticket prices varied from $3.00 to the expensive seats at $6.50.

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All revenue was donated to charity. Artists preformed for free with a couple exceptions. Ravi Shankar was paid $3000 for his afternoon performance and Country Joe received $5000 from a later documentary.

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Monterey launched the careers of several artists becoming almost overnight sensations: Janis Joplin, Canned Heat, Laura Nyro, Otis Redding, Steve Miller, and Ravi Shankar.

According to John Phillips, Joplin was so nervous before her performance she was drinking Southern Comfort to calm down and literally shaking with fear. Afterward, coming off stage, people found her crying because she couldn’t believe she had gone over so well.

Laura Nyro - I'm a fan

Laura Nyro – I’m a fan

Otis Redding - Respect

Otis Redding – Respect

Buffalo Springfield

Buffalo Springfield

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Music writer Rusty Desoto suggests that:

“…Monterey Pop was a seminal event… featuring debut performances of bands that would shape the history of rock and affect popular culture from that day forward.”

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Check out this line up.

Friday, June 16
  •    The Association
  •    The Paupers
  •    Lou Rawls
  •    Beverly
  •    Johnny Rivers
  •    Eric Burdon and The Animals
  •    Simon & Garfunkel
Ravi Shankar

Ravi Shankar

Brian Jones

Brian Jones

Jerry Garcia

Jerry Garcia

Saturday, June 17
  •    Canned Heat
  •    Big Brother and the Holding Company
  •    Country Joe and the Fish
  •    Al Kooper
  •    The Butterfield Blues Band
  •    The Electric Flag
  •    Quicksilver Messenger Service
  •    Steve Miller Band
  •    Moby Grape
  •    Hugh Masekela
  •    The Byrds
  •    Laura Nyro
  •    Jefferson Airplane
  •    Booker T. & the M.G.’s
  •    The Mar-Keys
  •    Otis Redding

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June 1967, Monterey, California, USA --- Janis Joplin with the guitarists of Big Brother and the Holding Company, on stage at the Monterey Pop Festival. The fame garnered from this performance caused Joplin to leave the band about a year later. --- Image by © Ted Streshinsky/CORBIS

Joplin with Big Brother – Photo credit, Ted Streshinsky

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The Airplane

Grace Slick with drummer Spencer Dryden

Grace Slick with drummer Spencer Dryden

Sunday, June 18
  •    Ravi Shankar
  •    The Blues Project
  •    Big Brother and the Holding Company
  •    The Group With No Name
  •    Buffalo Springfield (played with David Crosby)
  •    The Who
  •    Grateful Dead
  •    The Jimi Hendrix Experience
  •    Scott McKenzie
  •    The Mamas & the Papas

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Cancellations and no-shows:
  • The Beach Boys were involved in the conception of Monterey but were going through so many issues they failed to perform.
  • The Beatles were rumored to appear but declined, suggesting their music was too complex to perform live.
  • Donovan was refused a visa to enter the United States
  • No Captain Beefheart & the Magic Band.
  • Dionne Warwick and the Impressions were advertised in some early promotions but for conflicting issues they did not play.
  • Dylan was still recovering from his motorcycle accident.
  • Zappa and the Mothers of Invention declined because Frank didn’t like the San Francisco bands.
  • The Stones didn’t play but Brian Jones was there and introduced Hendrix.
  • According to Clapton, Cream did not preform because the band’s manager wanted to make a bigger splash for their American debut. Clapton was pissed.
  • No Monkeys. They were the biggest selling musical act of the time but weren’t invited.

Here is a link for the set list for the Festival – almost like a greatest hits list. [click on back button to come back to article] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monterey_Pop_Festival_%28set_list%29

Amazing footage of unreleased performances from the festival. It’s about 2 hours long. If you play it while doing something else, you’ll find yourself coming back to see who’s playing. Around the 45 minute mark is one of my favs Laura Nyro. Just after that, Grace Slick and the Airplane. Incredible Joplin around the 1 hour mark.

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What Does It Take

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Who was Autry Mixon Jr.?

Born on this day in 1931 his birth certificate says Oscar Mixon… we all know him as Jr. Walker.

Walker claims he got his stage name because he walked everywhere after the family moved to South Bend, IN. Walking to school, to the store, into town, he says the kids started calling him “Walker”. I don’t know, may be true, but maybe it might have had something to do with his stepfather’s name being Walker.

 Illinois Jacquet

Illinois Jacquet

Junior started young, leading his first band, The Jumping Jacks”, when he was 14. He picked up styles playing along to the records of Boots Randolph, Stan Getz, Charlie Parker and Lester Young. He learned to play that high “G” note listening to Illinois Jacquet.

Junior developed into quite a showman playing bar gigs. He’d play from his knees or blow the sax while on his back, sometimes he would do a little duck walk on stage. Those days he and the band regularly tore down the house.

Jr. Walker & The All Stars

Jr. Walker & The All Stars

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I said… Shotgun, do the jerk baby, we’re gonna break it down baby now

One night he found himself watching a new dance where the dancers did moves imitating shooting a gun. He asked one of the girls dancing what it was. She told him it was the Shotgun and suggested he write a tune for it.

Walker took it on and soon penned a song he called, “Shotgun”. It was 1964 and Jr. Walker and the All Stars had just signed with Motown. In those days Motown was small enough that Walker was able to just call Berry Gordy directly. He explained the dance he saw and the tune he’d written. Gordy liked the idea and his first big hit, what became his signature song, was born.

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“Shotgun” was an immediate hit when it was released in 1965. We saw it on Shindig, Hullabaloo and of course American Bandstand as Jr. Walker & The All Stars made the rounds playing their big hit and getting lots of television exposure.

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He followed up Shotgun with several more hits like, I’m a Roadrunner, Shake and Fingerpop, Come See About Me, How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved By You) and my favorite all-time Jr. Walker tune…                                                           d

What Does It Take (To Win Your Love)

Junior Walker died of cancer at the age of 64, on November 23, 1995.

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